Bangladesh Poribeshbid Society

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A review of hydro-meteorological hazard, vulnerability, and risk assessment frameworks and indicators in the context of nature-based solutions

Title of Research : A review of hydro-meteorological hazard, vulnerability, and risk assessment frameworks and indicators in the context of nature-based solutions

Authors : Shah, M. A. R. et al.

Year of Publication : 2020

Publisher : International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

Link to online sources : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221242092030282X

Abstract : Nature-based solutions (NBS) are increasingly being implemented as suitable approaches for reducing vulnerability and risk of social-ecological systems (SES) to hydro-meteorological hazards. Understanding vulnerability and risk of SES is crucial in order to design and implement NBS projects appropriately. A systematic literature review was carried out to examine the suitability of, or gaps in, existing frameworks for vulnerability and risk assessment of SES to hydro-meteorological hazards. The review confirms that very few frameworks have been developed in the context of NBS. Most of the frameworks have emphasized social systems over ecological systems. Furthermore, they have not explicitly considered the temporal dimension of risk reduction measures. The study proposes an indicator-based vulnerability and risk assessment framework in the context of NBS (VR-NBS) that addresses both the above limitations and considers established NBS principles. The framework aims to allow for a better consideration of the multiple benefits afforded by NBS and which impact all the dimensions of risk. A list of 135 indicators is identified through literature review and surveys in NBS project sites. This list is composed of indicators representing the social sub-system (61% of total indicators) and the ecological sub-system (39% of total indicators). The list will act as a reference indicator library in the context of NBS projects and will be regularly updated as lessons are learnt. While the pr

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Message From Executive Director

Mohammad Arifur Rahman

With great pleasure, I welcome you all to Bangladesh Poribeshbid Society- a national level platform for all environmental graduates in Bangladesh. We wish to be connected with environmental graduates and put collective efforts to progress environmental education and professional development of the graduates. From the beginning of the Society, we have already started various activities for supporting our members through providing information on jobs and scholarship opportunities, creating awareness through seminars and publications, and connecting graduates and current students through networking programs. We will explore every opportunity for our members and establish our professional positions in all sectors in Bangladesh. Also, we will take collaborative actions with other environmental organizations for enhancing environmental awareness and environmental protection in Bangladesh. I expect your warm and heartiest cooperation for fulfilling our mission and vision of the Society.

Message From President

Dr. Md. Mahfuzur Rahman

With the growing concerns for environmental protection, climate change and sustainable development, the necessity of environmental education and environmental profession have been well established around the world including Bangladesh in recent decades. While education in environmental science-related subjects has been initiated in Bangladesh since 1996, the environmental graduates are facing huge challenges for positioning their professional careers within mainstream government and non-government sectors due to the lack of professional institutions that can raise voice for all. A collective effort to overcome those challenges has been felt by the environmental graduates of Bangladesh for a long time, which led to the formation of the “Bangladesh Poribeshbid Society” in 2020. The society will act as a leading national platform for all environmental graduates in Bangladesh. From the beginning, we will put every effort to provide support to our graduates for developing their academic excellence and professional career at home and abroad. In addition, we will promote environmental awareness in every sphere of society and will support government and non-government organizations for strengthening policies and environment-friendly practices in Bangladesh. I welcome all environmental graduates from different educational institutions to join “Bangladesh Poribeshbid Society” and strengthen our collective endeavor.